Allergic Rhinitis: Everything You Need to Know

Allergic Rhinitis

Definition: Allergic rhinitis also known as hay fever is a global disease that affects 5%-40% of the world population. It is nothing but an allergic response to certain allergens.

Two main types of allergic rhinitis

Common triggers of allergic rhinitis

  • Perfumes and hair sprays
  • Air fresheners
  • Cigarette smoke
  • Car exhaust and air pollutants

Management of allergic rhinitis

Avoiding exposure to the allergens

Problems associated with allergic rhinitis

Medications to treat allergies

Drug Class
Intranasal corticosteroidsSignificantly reduce nasal congestion as well as sneezing, itching and a runny nose.
AntihistaminesHelp to relieve nasal allergy symptoms such as eye itching, runny nose, hives and eczema.
DecongestantsHelp relieve the stuffiness and pressure caused by swollen nasal tissue.
Other nasal sprays
  • Nasal cromolyn blocks the body’s release of allergy-causing substances.
  • Nasal ipratropium bromide spray help to reduce nasal drainage.

The overall outcomes of the treatment are based on the severity of allergy. However, the effective management lies in preventing yourself from allergic exposure and thus reducing the chances of the body to adversely respond to the allergens.

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